Please read the attachment files to find the correct answers to the question/ worksheet. Give a short answer to each question (Use whole sentences!)Harlem Stride and Boogie Woogie Worksheet:1. Describe the Harlem stride piano technique (method).2. What is a rent party? What does that have to do with Harlem Stride piano players?3. What is a “cutting contest”?4. List the four stride pianists offered in the reading.5. Who was Art Tatum? What makes him special and important in jazz and piano?6. Where is boogie woogie piano said to evolve from?7. Name four “boogie woogie” pianists that were presented in the reading?8. Who is often called the “father of boogie woogie piano”?9. How is the boogie woogie style of piano playing different from the Harlem stride style? Briefly describe the method of each style.
Please read the attachment files to find the correct answers to the question/ worksheet. Give a short answer to each question (Use whole sentences!) Harlem Stride and Boogie Woogie Worksheet: 1. Descr
The piano players and their styles help to point out that jazz did not develop in a vacuum. The horn based collective improvisation of the New Orleans and Chicago styles, the ragtime influenced stride style and the blues influence boogie woogie style all are happening at the same time. Musicians and audiences absorbed and assimilated all of these styles. Usually successful musical or artistic endeavors in general will have just the right combination of familiar and new sounds. Too much of one o r the other will cause your art to be both stale and boring, or so “out there” that nobody will understand it. YouTube is loaded with great clips of all these people (and just about anyone else). I hope you get inspired to take a little YouTube adventure and check out the various people we study and some of the related videos that they lead you to.
Please read the attachment files to find the correct answers to the question/ worksheet. Give a short answer to each question (Use whole sentences!) Harlem Stride and Boogie Woogie Worksheet: 1. Descr
New York and the Pianists While most studies of jazz focus on the developments of New Orleans musicians and their travels up the Mississippi, it is important to look at the East coast and the development of jazz styles there. Harlem Stride During the years from 1900 -1920 a new style of piano playing was evolving in New York City’s Harlem neighborhood. Harlem would soon become the largest black community in the United States. On its way to becoming the center of black culture and art, Harle m was jam packed with saloons, cabarets, juke joints and many other opportunities for musicians. While New Orleans styles seem to focus on the horn players, Harlem seemed to generate piano players. “Rent parties” also became a major venue for pianists. Th e rent party was exactly what you might guess it was. A person who needed to cover his rent would hire a pianist (or a whole band), get together some food and maybe some booze and throw an open party for a small admission. Having a great stride pianist at your party would draw a crowd. Often other pianists would show up and a “cutting contest” would ensue. A cutting contest is a jam session where each player tries to out play the other. With so many opportunities for work many of the top ragtime piano players gravitated towards Harlem. The fierce competition generated an incredible, virtuosic style that was called stride piano. The stride name comes from the left hand technique of hitting a low bass note with your left hand and then hitting a chord hig her up on the keyboard with the same hand. This loping style would give you bass notes and chords with one hand and allow the other hand to play melodies and improvisations. The next page has a YouTube link to demonstrate. Notice how the left hand jumps back and forth. Some of the greats of stride piano are James P. Johnson, Willie “The Lion” Smith and Fats Waller to name just a few. The next page also contains some Youtube links to a couple of great Fats Waller performances and Willie “The Lion” Smith.
Please read the attachment files to find the correct answers to the question/ worksheet. Give a short answer to each question (Use whole sentences!) Harlem Stride and Boogie Woogie Worksheet: 1. Descr
Art Tatum Possibly the greatest of all was Art Tatum. His technique was so strong that many people thought the recordings were two different people and would not believe otherwise until they saw it with their own eyes. Speaking of eyes, Art Tatum was completely blind in one eye and nearly so in the other. He learned to play by listening to and copying player piano rolls. Originally from Ohio, he went to New York in 1931 and soon became a phenom at the clubs on 52 nd Street. A famous cutting co ntest followed in which the local piano mafia of James P. Johnson, Fats Waller and Willie “The Lion” challenged Tatum at a Harlem club. Tatum cut them to ribbons!! Fats Waller was playing at the Yacht club sometime later when Tatum stopped in. Waller annou nced to the crowd, “I am just play the piano, but God Is in the house tonight.” Ironically, Art Tatum was so good that he may have brought an end to stride piano’s influence on jazz piano. Nobody could even match his style let alone improve on it! Future p ianists were forced to find other styles and techniques to develop. Legend has it that the great saxophonist Charlie Parker took a job washing dishes at a restaurant Tatum was playing in just so he could hear him play. Check out “Tiger Rag” on the next pa ge.




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